Luka Cicin-Sain,
HZI Helmholtz Center for Infection Research,

Title: It takes two to tango: the immune system and the CMV

Luka Cicin-Sain‘s research group studies ubiquitous viruses that are persist for life in most people worldwide. In particular, our focus is on herpesviruses, whose persistence during latent infection shapes the immune system and its functionality.

Michael Sixt,
Institute of Science and Technology (IST)

Title: How leukocytes navigate through tissues

Michael Sixt's laboratory is interested in morphodynamic processes both at the cellular and at the tissue level. They focus on the immune system and try to understand the molecular and mechanical principles underlying leukocyte dynamics during processes such as migration and intercellular communication.


Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a rare cancer that affects mostly affects children. In the search for new therapeutic options, researchers at Vetmeduni Vienna have now discovered a new mechanism of disease development and proposed a completely new treatment - a pioneering work for future cancer therapies. The study has just been published in Nature Communications.


Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) are frequently deregulated in cancer and represent promising drug targets. The research team of Veronika Sexl at the Vetmeduni Vienna - in collaboration with the research team of Nathanael Gray from Harvard Medical School (USA) - focused on CDK8 in the search for new therapeutic routes for ALL. The reason for this is that tumorigenic cells are dependent on CDK8 function, while healthy cells are not. This opens up a therapeutic window by targeting CDK8: healthy cells are spared while cancer cells will be affected.

The research team was able to show that leukemia cells that lose CDK8 in leukemia mouse models significantly enhance disease latency and prevents disease maintenance. Furthermore, CDK8-depleted cancer cells are highly sensitive to mTOR inhibitors, a previously unknown connection. Thus, the authors have synthesized a small molecule (YKL-06-101) that combines mTOR inhibition and degradation of CDK8, and induces cell death in human leukemic cells. This represents a new therapeutic line in drug development: a dual degrader drug is sufficient to break down a molecule - CDK8 - and at the same time enzymatically block a signalling pathway. They propose that by affecting both simultaneously a potential therapeutic strategy for the treatment of ALL patients might be developed.

Published in Nature Communications

Ingeborg Menzl, Tinghu Zhang, Angelika Berger-Becvar, Reinhard Grausenburger, Gerwin Heller, Michaela Prchal-Murphy, Leo Edlinger, Vanessa M. Knab, Iris Z. Uras, Eva Grundschober, Karin Bauer, Mareike Roth, Anna Skucha, Yao Liu, John M. Hatcher, Yanke Liang, Nicholas P. Kwiatkowski, Daniela Fux, Andrea Hoelbl-Kovacic, Stefan Kubicek, Junia V. Melo, Peter Valent , Thomas Weichhart, Florian Grebien, Johannes Zuber, Nathanael S. Gray and Veronika Sexl


Iris Uras Jodl, from the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology at Vetmeduni Vienna, was awarded the Wilhelm Türk Prize of the Austrian Society for Hematology & Medical Oncology for the best scientific work in the field of hematology. The award ceremony took place on October 12th 2019 as part of the joint annual conference of the German, Austrian and Swiss societies for hematology and medical oncology, in Berlin.

The Wilhelm Türk Prize is primarily intended to promote young scientists and is awarded once a year for outstanding research work in the field of hematology. The award is endowed with € 5,000. This year Iris Uras was able to convince the reviewers with her article "Cdk6 coordinates Jak2 V617F mutant MPN via NFkB and apoptotic networks" published in journal Blood, under the supervision of Veronika Sexl. Uras Jodl researched the role of Cyclin-dependent kinase 6 (CDK6) in the development of myeloproliferative neoplasia (MPN) using mouse models.

Christoph Binder,
Department of Laboratory Medicine MedUni Vienna,
Center for Molecular Medicine (CeMM), Austrian Academy of Sciences

Title: Oxidation-specific epitopes act as danger-associated molecular pattern in chronic inflammation

Christoph Binder is interested in the immune mechanisms of atherosclerosis and the immune recognition of oxidation-specific epitopes, and particularly how these responses can be exploited to protect from atherosclerotic lesion formation.


The symposium will be held at the Vetmeduni Vienna on October 18, 2019. The symposium invited three international renown speakers who work in basic and translational biomedical sciences. The symposium is organized and supported by SFB F61 JakStat Monarchies.



Veronika Sexl, Head of the Institute for Pharmacology and Toxicology at Vetmeduni Vienna, and Florian Grebien, Head of the Institute for Medical Biochemistry at Vetmeduni Vienna, are working on survival rates of leukemia patients. They are financially supported by the European Research Council (ERC). They have talked about teamwork, crazy concepts and their intersections with veterinary medicine in the VETMED conversation.

The protein CDK6 is at the centre of Veronika Sexl's scientific work at the Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology. "Starting with this tiny molecule, we're doing broad research," explains the scientist. It has long been known that CDK6 plays a role in many cancers because it drives cell division. It is particularly present in higher amounts in the case of leukemia. "This is why many cancer researchers are working on targeting this protein in the cells by developing special inhibitors against CDK6", says Veronika Sexl. "For the first time we were able to show that CDK6 can and does much more than previously thought."

With the same general goal, but with a different research approach, Florian Grebien is also interested in developing new treatments for cancer. His focus is on the molecular mechanisms behind the development of leukemia. “Our focus is on the so-called fusion proteins”, says Florian Grebien. “They arise when chromosomes break and are incorrectly reassembled. Cancer is very often driven by these fusion proteins. If you study them functionally, you can learn a lot about what processes a cell needs to become a cancer cell”.

Both researchers and their projects are currently funded by European Research Council (ERC) grants. In 2016 Sexl received an “Advanced Grant” worth 2.5 million euros. Florian Grebien was awarded a “Starting Grant” worth 1.5 million euros in 2015.

The full interview can be found here.

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare disease that mainly affects small children. It occupies a hybrid position between cancers and inflammatory diseases, which makes it an attractive model for studying cancer development. While LCH can heal itself in some patients, other cases require intensive chemotherapy with long-term consequences for the children. The reasons for these differences are hardly known. In a new study published in the journal Cancer Discovery, researchers from St. Anna Children's Cancer Research Institute (CCRI) and the Center for Molecular Medicine of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (CeMM) uncovered important insights into the cellular heterogeneity and molecular mechanisms of LCH.

Caroline Hutter, pediatric oncologist at St. Anna Children's Hospital, observed a remarkable heterogeneity between LCH cells when examining LCH lesions under the microscope. In order to investigate this diversity in detail, she assembled an interdisciplinary team of experimental and computer researchers from CCRI and CeMM, as well as physicians from St. Anna Children's Hospital and General Hospital in Vienna. Caroline Hutter's aim is to answer two fundamental questions: What are the mechanisms behind LCH and how can we improve the treatment of children affected by this disease?

LCH lesions were analysed in the laboratory of Christoph Bock (CeMM), by Florian Halbritter (now at CCRI) and Matthias Farlik (now at the MedUni Vienna), with sufficient resolution to identify the molecular patterns of individual cells in detail and to develop a comprehensive "map" of cellular heterogeneity in LCH. On this molecular map, the team identified several subtypes of LCH cells. Among them was a group of actively dividing cells that are believed to be the precursors of other LCH cells. The team deciphered the molecular signalling pathways that are active in different branches of this unexpected developmental hierarchy, highlighting an interplay of developmental, immunological and oncogenic mechanisms in LCH. In the future, these findings could help to better differentiate between severe and less severe cases of the disease and even open up new treatment options.

Published in Cancer Discovery
Florian Halbritter, Matthias Farlik, Raphaela Schwentner, Gunhild Jug, Nikolaus Fortelny,
Thomas Schnoller, Hanja Pisa, LindaChristina Schuster, Andrea Reinprecht, Thomas Czech,
Johannes Gojo, Wolfgang Holter, Milen Minkov, Wolfgang M Bauer, Ingrid Simonitsch Klupp, Christoph Bock and Caroline Hutter


New insights into the development of an unusual childhood disease

The interferons initiate a signaling process that causes the cell to activate the protein complex ISGF3 for driving antimicrobial gene expression. Scientists led by Thomas Decker at the Max Perutz Labs now found out that two of the three proteins forming this complex are permanently present at these genes, independently of the activating cascade caused by interferons. STAT2-IRF9 forms this ‘light’ version of ISGF3 and allows for homeostatic low expression of antimicrobial genes. Upon pathogen recognition interferons are produced and activate the complete version of ISGF3 composed of STAT1-STAT2-IRF9.  This trimeric ISGF3 switches to a full-fledged antimicrobial transcriptional program. The homeostatic presence of STAT2-IRF9 at antimicrobial genes governs cellular alertness and the rapid exchange to the interferon induced complete ISGF3 explains how the innate immune system activates in such a quick manner.



Publication in Nature Communications

Ekaterini Platanitis, Duygu Demiroz, Anja Schneller, Katrin Fischer, Christophe Capelle, Markus Hartl, Thomas Gossenreiter, Mathias Müller, Maria Novatchkova and Thomas Decker

A molecular switch from STAT2-IRF9 to ISGF3 underlies interferon-induced gene transcription (2019);